*.chopper.dart not found ?

If you have this error, you probably forgot to run the build package. To do that, simply run the following command in your shell.

pub run build_runner build

It will generate the code that actually do the HTTP request (YOUR_FILE.chopper.dart). If you wish to update the code automatically when you change your definition run the watch command.

pub run build_runner watch

How to increase timeout ?

Connection timeout is very limited for now due to http package (see: dart-lang/http#21)

But if you are on VM or Flutter you can set the connectionTimeout you want

import 'package:http/io_client.dart' as http;
import 'dart:io';

final chopper = ChopperClient(
    client: http.IOClient(
      HttpClient()..connectionTimeout = const Duration(seconds: 60),

Add query parameter to all requests

Possible using an interceptor.

final chopper = ChopperClient(
    interceptors: [_addQuery],

class QueryInterceptor implements Interceptor {

  FutureOr<Response<BodyType>> intercept<BodyType>(Chain<BodyType> chain) async {
    final request = _addQuery(chain.request);
    return chain.proceed(request);

  Request _addQuery(Request req) {
    final params = Map<String, dynamic>.from(req.parameters);
    params['key'] = '123';

    return req.copyWith(parameters: params);

GZip converter example

You can use converters for modifying requests and responses. For example, to use GZip for post request you can write something like this:

Request compressRequest(Request request) {
  request = applyHeader(request, 'Content-Encoding', 'gzip');
  request = request.replace(body: gzip.encode(request.body));
  return request;

@FactoryConverter(request: compressRequest)
Future<Response> postRequest(@Body() Map<String, String> data);

Runtime baseUrl change

You may need to change the base URL of your network calls during runtime, for example, if you have to use different servers or routes dynamically in your app in case of a "regular" or a "paid" user. You can store the current server base url in your SharedPreferences (encrypt/decrypt it if needed) and use it in an interceptor like this:

class BaseUrlInterceptor implements Interceptor {
  FutureOr<Response<BodyType>> intercept<BodyType>(Chain<BodyType> chain) async {
    final request = SharedPreferences.containsKey('baseUrl')
        ? chain.request.copyWith(
            baseUri: Uri.parse(SharedPreferences.getString('baseUrl')))
        : chain.request;
    return chain.proceed(request);

Mock ChopperClient for testing

Chopper is built on top of http package.

So, one can just use the mocking API of the HTTP package. See the documentation for the http.testing library and for the MockClient class.

Also, you can follow this code by ozburo:

import 'dart:convert';

import 'package:chopper/chopper.dart';
import 'package:http/http.dart' as http;
import 'package:http/testing.dart';

part 'api_service.chopper.dart';

abstract class ApiService extends ChopperService {
  static ApiService create() {
    final client = ChopperClient(
      client: MockClient((request) async {
        Map result = mockData[request.url.path]?.firstWhere((mockQueryParams) {
          if (mockQueryParams['id'] == request.url.queryParameters['id']) return true;
          return false;
        }, orElse: () => null);
        if (result == null) {
          return http.Response(
              json.encode({'error': "not found"}), 404);
        return http.Response(json.encode(result), 200);
      baseUrl: Uri.parse('https://mysite.com/api'),
      services: [
      converter: JsonConverter(),
      errorConverter: JsonConverter(),
    return _$ApiService(client);

  @Get(path: "/get")
  Future<Response> get(@Query() String url);

Use Https certificate

Chopper is built on top of http package and you can override the inner http client.

import 'dart:io';
import 'package:http/io_client.dart' as http;

final ioc = new HttpClient();
ioc.findProxy = (url) => 'PROXY';
ioc.badCertificateCallback = (X509Certificate cert, String host, int port)
  => true;

final chopper = ChopperClient(
  client: http.IOClient(ioc),

Authorized HTTP requests

Basically, the algorithm goes like this (credits to stewemetal):

Add the authentication token to the request (by "Authorization" header, for example) -> try the request -> if it fails use the refresh token to get a new auth token -> if that succeeds, save the auth token and retry the original request with it if the refresh token is not valid anymore, drop the session (and navigate to the login screen, for example)

Simple code example:

class AuthInterceptor implements Interceptor {

  FutureOr<Response<BodyType>> intercept<BodyType>(Chain<BodyType> chain) async {
    final request = applyHeader(chain.request, 'authorization',
        override: false);
    final response = await chain.proceed(request);
    if (response?.statusCode == 401) {
      // Navigate to some login page or just request new token
    return response;

interceptors: [
    // ... other interceptors

The actual implementation of the algorithm above may vary based on how the backend API - more precisely the login and session handling - of your app looks like. Breaking out of the authentication flow/inteceptor can be achieved in multiple ways. For example by throwing an exception or by using a service handles navigation. See interceptor for more info.

Authorized HTTP requests using the special Authenticator interceptor

Similar to OkHTTP's authenticator, the idea here is to provide a reactive authentication in the event that an auth challenge is raised. It returns a nullable Request that contains a possible update to the original Request to satisfy the authentication challenge.

import 'dart:async' show FutureOr;
import 'dart:io' show HttpHeaders, HttpStatus;

import 'package:chopper/chopper.dart';

/// This method returns a [Request] that includes credentials to satisfy an authentication challenge received in
/// [response]. It returns `null` if the challenge cannot be satisfied.
class MyAuthenticator extends Authenticator {
  FutureOr<Request?> authenticate(
    Request request,
    Response response, [
    Request? originalRequest,
  ]) async {
    if (response.statusCode == HttpStatus.unauthorized) {
      final String? newToken = await refreshToken();

      if (newToken != null) {
        return request.copyWith(headers: {
          HttpHeaders.authorizationHeader: newToken,

    return null;

  Future<String?> refreshToken() async {
    /// Refresh the accessToken using refreshToken however needed.
    /// This could be done either via an HTTP client, or a ChopperService, or a
    /// repository could be a dependency.
    /// This approach is intentionally not opinionated about how this works.
    throw UnimplementedError();

/// When initializing your ChopperClient
final client = ChopperClient(
  /// register your Authenticator here
  authenticator: MyAuthenticator(),

Decoding JSON using Isolates

Sometimes you want to decode JSON outside the main thread in order to reduce janking. In this example we're going to go even further and implement a Worker Pool using Squadron which can dynamically spawn a maximum number of Workers as they become needed.

Install the dependencies

Write a JSON decode service

We'll leverage squadron_builder and the power of code generation.

import 'dart:async';
import 'dart:convert' show json;

import 'package:squadron/squadron.dart';
import 'package:squadron/squadron_annotations.dart';

import 'json_decode_service.activator.g.dart';

part 'json_decode_service.worker.g.dart';

class JsonDecodeService extends WorkerService with $JsonDecodeServiceOperations {
  Future<dynamic> jsonDecode(String source) async => json.decode(source);

Extracted from the full example here.

Write a custom JsonConverter

Using json_serializable we'll create a JsonConverter which works with or without a WorkerPool.

import 'dart:async' show FutureOr;
import 'dart:convert' show jsonDecode;

import 'package:chopper/chopper.dart';
import 'package:chopper_example/json_decode_service.dart';
import 'package:chopper_example/json_serializable.dart';

typedef JsonFactory<T> = T Function(Map<String, dynamic> json);

class JsonSerializableWorkerPoolConverter extends JsonConverter {
  const JsonSerializableWorkerPoolConverter(this.factories, [this.workerPool]);

  final Map<Type, JsonFactory> factories;
  /// Make the WorkerPool optional so that the JsonConverter still works without it
  final JsonDecodeServiceWorkerPool? workerPool;

  /// By overriding tryDecodeJson we give our JsonConverter 
  /// the ability to decode JSON in an Isolate.
  FutureOr<dynamic> tryDecodeJson(String data) async {
    try {
      return workerPool != null
          ? await workerPool!.jsonDecode(data)
          : jsonDecode(data);
    } catch (error) {


      return data;
  T? _decodeMap<T>(Map<String, dynamic> values) {
    final jsonFactory = factories[T];
    if (jsonFactory == null || jsonFactory is! JsonFactory<T>) {
      return null;

    return jsonFactory(values);

  List<T> _decodeList<T>(Iterable values) =>
      values.where((v) => v != null).map<T>((v) => _decode<T>(v)).toList();

  dynamic _decode<T>(entity) {
    if (entity is Iterable) return _decodeList<T>(entity as List);

    if (entity is Map) return _decodeMap<T>(entity as Map<String, dynamic>);

    return entity;

  FutureOr<Response<ResultType>> convertResponse<ResultType, Item>(
    Response response,
  ) async {
    final jsonRes = await super.convertResponse(response);

    return jsonRes.copyWith<ResultType>(body: _decode<Item>(jsonRes.body));

  FutureOr<Response> convertError<ResultType, Item>(Response response) async {
    final jsonRes = await super.convertError(response);

    return jsonRes.copyWith<ResourceError>(
      body: ResourceError.fromJsonFactory(jsonRes.body),

Extracted from the full example here.

Code generation

It goes without saying that running the code generation is a pre-requisite at this stage

flutter pub run build_runner build

Changing the default extension of the generated files

If you want to change the default extension of the generated files from .chopper.dart to something else, you can do so by adding the following to your build.yaml file:

          # This assumes you want the files to end with `.chopper.g.dart`
          # instead of the default `.chopper.dart`.
          build_extensions: { ".dart": [ ".chopper.g.dart" ] }

Configure a WorkerPool and run the example

/// inspired by https://github.com/d-markey/squadron_sample/blob/main/lib/main.dart
void initSquadron(String id) {
  Squadron.logLevel = SquadronLogLevel.all;
  Squadron.debugMode = true;

Future<void> main() async {
  /// initialize Squadron before using it

  final jsonDecodeServiceWorkerPool = JsonDecodeServiceWorkerPool(
    // Set whatever you want here
    concurrencySettings: ConcurrencySettings.oneCpuThread,

  /// start the Worker Pool
  await jsonDecodeServiceWorkerPool.start();

  /// Instantiate the JsonConverter from above
  final converter = JsonSerializableWorkerPoolConverter(
      Resource: Resource.fromJsonFactory,
    /// make sure to provide the WorkerPool to the JsonConverter

  /// Instantiate a ChopperClient
  final chopper = ChopperClient(
    client: client,
    baseUrl: Uri.parse('http://localhost:8000'),
    // bind your object factories here
    converter: converter,
    errorConverter: converter,
    services: [
      // the generated service
    /* Interceptor */
    interceptors: [authHeader],

  /// Do stuff with myService
  final myService = chopper.getService<MyService>();
  /// ...stuff...

  /// stop the Worker Pool once done

The full example can be found here.

Further reading

This barely scratches the surface. If you want to know more about squadron and squadron_builder make sure to head over to their respective repositories.

David Markey, the author of squadron, was kind enough as to provide us with an excellent Flutter example using both packages.

How to use Chopper with Injectable

Create a module for your ChopperClient

Define a module for your ChopperClient. You can use the @lazySingleton (or other type if preferred) annotation to make sure that only one is created.

abstract class ChopperModule {

  ChopperClient get chopperClient =>
        baseUrl: 'https://base-url.com',
        converter: JsonConverter(),

Create ChopperService with Injectable

Define your ChopperService as usual. Annotate the class with @lazySingleton (or other type if preferred) and use the @factoryMethod annotation to specify the factory method for the service. This would normally be the static create method.

@ChopperApi(baseUrl: '/todos')
abstract class TodosListService extends ChopperService {

  static TodosListService create(ChopperClient client) => _$TodosListService(client);

  Future<Response<List<Todo>>> getTodos();

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